What Is Water Hardness And Total Alkalinity

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image.jpg I just got testing strips and my Nitrite and Nitrates are hella low.
But my “Total hardness” is apparently very hard? Round the 250-300s. I have no idea what this is and I don’t know what ideal should be for bettas.
Same thing for Total alkalinity. It’s apparently high at 700.
Is that bad?? What do I do to change that:
The pH is apparently acceptable at around 8-8.5.
I’ve never used testing strips so I’m hella confused
 

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Jenoli42

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Welcome!

Alkalinity and hardness are the dissolved chemicals that are in your water. Unless they are really low, usually you have nothing to worry about. So i wouldn't worry about changing that at all.

what you want for a fish safe tank is:

0 ammonia
0 nitrite
5-20 nitrate

your pH is a bit high, but nothing most fish won't be able to be perfectly happy in. just be sure to acclimate new fish for a while before putting them into your water. if you don't know how, just ask because all of us had to learn

if you want more in depth about alkalinity and hardness, me or the resident expert NavyChief20 can help. but i haven't tagged him because he will go in depth and you might not want that level of info
 
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