test kit readings

smokeypea

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i just bought a Aquarium Pharmaceuticals freshwater Master Kit, and the reading i have are PH 7.2 AMMONIA 0 PPM NITRITE 0.25 NITRATE 5.0 I have a 20gal tank which has been up ansd running since 28th april, i have a penguin 150 bio wheel power filter and one airstone, only just put in the filter cartridge cos i couple of fish had Ick, now its all cleared up, the fish look healthy and are eating good . Is there anything i should do? thankas for great site.
 
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smokeypea

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Thanks for reply, should i test water once a week? and how often do i need to water change? and do i have to clean the gravel cos of the old food and waste?, i read somewhere you had to clean gravel at every water change, then i read somewhere else that you dont cos ofn the good bacteria, so now not sure whats right. thanks again for your help
 

Gunnie

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Keep checking your water everyday until the cycle is complete. After that, you can check it once a week or more if you like.

You should definately vacuum the gravel when you do water changes but only vacuum 1/4 to 1/2 of the gravel at each cleaning. That way you don't mess up enough of the bacteria at one time to affect the balance.
 

0morrokh

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Water changes need to be done weekly. The standard amount to change is 25%, but depending on the tank is may be as little as 10% or as much as 50%. what fish are in there?
 
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