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  1. oldsalt777

    Help My American Shubunkin has red on it's bum

    Hello increase the salt dose, up to a couple of teaspoons for every five gallons of replacement water. Aquarium salt is good for injuries or for dealing with infections. No other medications are needed. Old
  2. oldsalt777

    Help My American Shubunkin has red on it's bum

    Hello... Unless you have experience in fish biology, you can't be certain what's going on with your fish. The only things you can do are to begin an aggressive water change routine. Gradually work up to the point you remove and replace half the tank water every few days. Do a good job of...
  3. oldsalt777

    Re-Thinking Plant Heavy Tank

    Sorg... Out of control algae isn't a lighting problem, it's an overfeeding issue. Algae thrives in water with a high phosphate and nitrate level. If you reduce the food, the aquatic plants will take in the bulk of the nutrients and much faster than algae. The result, the algae dies back from...
  4. oldsalt777

    Question Filter Unplugged - How Long Before Bacteria Dies?

    Hello... Bacteria has the same oxygen and nutrient requirements as the fish and plants. It's needs a constant source of O2 from the water and a food source. Without both, the bacteria will begin to die off in a day or two. Old
  5. oldsalt777

    Re-Thinking Plant Heavy Tank

    Hello angel... Very, very nice! I kind of like a planted tank with house plants. Attached is a photo. Old
  6. oldsalt777

    Re-Thinking Plant Heavy Tank

    Hello Sorg... If you can commit to maintaining the plants by pruning the leaves or thinning the plants regularly, keep the plants you want. They won't overgrow if you don't allow it. Research those you want and make sure you provide the proper lighting. Large, weekly water changes will keep...
  7. oldsalt777

    Pleco with Goldfish

    Foxx... Keep up with your weekly water changes and you'll have no ammonia issues. Goldfish are heavy waste producers and use a lot of oxygen, so weekly water changes of at least 50 percent are a must. The more water you change weekly, the better. Old
  8. oldsalt777

    Pleco with Goldfish

    Fin... Bristlenose Plecos are very hardy and if acclimated properly, would be fine in cooler water. Not at all saying I'd keep them in water as cool as 60 degrees, because that would be a difficult temperature to maintain. I can maintain a 70 degree temperature or very close to it, so I keep...
  9. oldsalt777

    Pleco with Goldfish

    Fin... Plecos, depending on the species, have a fairly wide range of water temperatures that will keep them in good health. Bristlenose Plecos are pretty hardy and a constant temperature between 60 and 80 degrees is fine for them. I keep this species with my Comets in tank water that's 70...
  10. oldsalt777

    Question Filter Unplugged - How Long Before Bacteria Dies?

    Hello z... As long as there's oxygen in the water, the bacteria will survive. If you were to perform a water change every couple of days, during a power outage, the bacteria would be fine. Make the water change water a bit cooler than what's already in the tank and the new water will hold...
  11. oldsalt777

    Pleco with Goldfish

    Hello again Fin... If you do your research on Goldfish and Tropicals, you'll find the ideal temperature for the Goldfish is between 65 and 72 degrees. The Tropicals like their water a bit warmer between 70 and 78 degrees. I keep my tank room in my basement, so the temperature stays at between...
  12. oldsalt777

    Pleco with Goldfish

    Hello Fin... I've been raising the two together for about three years. Keeping the water temperature at 70 to 72 degrees will accommodate both. A varied diet of flakes, freeze dried, pellets and Spirulina will provide the nutrients both need. As for tank size, 45 to 100 gallons for a few...
  13. oldsalt777

    Pleco with Goldfish

    Hello Ivan... You can combine Goldfish with Tropicals, but the water needs to be kept extremely clean. Goldfish are heavy waste producers and their waste will certainly foul the tank water. Water temperature is also an issue. Goldfish like cool water, Tropicals like theirs warmer. 70 to 72...
  14. oldsalt777

    Help Rip on the fins and vibrating and Flashing with no other signs.

    Hello R... If the tank was mine, I'd start removing and replacing more tank water. Work up to the point you change half every week. Add a bit of standard aquarium salt to the new, treated tap water. A rounded teaspoon for every five gallons. Do this from now on to improve the fishes' immune...
  15. oldsalt777

    Strange fish losses

    Hello Fish... That's quite a lot of fish for 29 gallons of water. As long as the tank has been properly cycled, all you need to do is remove and replace half the tank water every few days and make sure you don't feed the fish too much. Old
  16. oldsalt777

    About to introduce my first fish to the new tank... some questions..

    Hello Sp... If the tank isn't cycled you can still add fish. 3 to 4 for every 10 gallons of water. Float the bag in the tank and every few minutes, add a little of the tank water to the bag. Float the bag for 30 minutes. Then, tip the bag enough to allow the new fish to swim out. If a...
  17. oldsalt777

    Tank Cycling Super Fast. Not Sure How To Proceed.

    Lisa... If you don't fully understand the fish-in process, then it's better you don't try it. If for whatever reason you can't or don't monitor the tank water, then the fish will definitely be negatively affected. However, if you're able to do your homework before trying the fish-in method...
  18. oldsalt777

    Tank Cycling Super Fast. Not Sure How To Proceed.

    Hi Mom... If you pay close attention to the water, you can use most species to cycle a tank and no harm comes to them. I've done it many, many times to ensure the health of the fish. Most times, when I've cycled using this method, I have fry in the tank. The problems start, because the tank...
  19. oldsalt777

    Pregnant Sunset Platy?

    Hello... The females are raised with the males, so they'll be pregnant when you buy them. You only need to buy females, you don't need males. Just keep the tank water clean with, large, weekly water changes and you'll get fry. Some will be males. Old
  20. oldsalt777

    Tank Cycling Super Fast. Not Sure How To Proceed.

    Hello... I recently cycled a tank in roughly three weeks, using the following steps and it worked fine. Here are the steps: Set up the tank and add some floating plants. Let it run without fish for a few days. Add 3 to 4 small fish for every 10 gallons of tank volume. Feed the fish a...
  21. oldsalt777

    Help Honey Gourami - Swim Bladder Problems

    Hello 12... Putting any chemicals in the tank is never an option. You should only use the water treatment. Salt is fine too. But, keep the dose to a teaspoon for every five gallons of replacement water. This dose is effective in dealing with an injury or infection and won't harm plants...
  22. oldsalt777

    Newbie Question

    Hello Ruth... Was anything you used to put together this filter system recommended for aquarium use? If not, there are many reasons not to use it. Especially, since fumes in the surrounding air can certainly be taken in by the water in the fish tank. Water will absorb just about anything...
  23. oldsalt777

    Goldfish Tank Dropped Ph By 1 Overnight

    Hello again... I have a solution for you. Gradually, work up to the point you remove and replace half the tank water weekly. Feed the fish a little of a variety of flakes, freeze dried, pellets, and some Spirulina. Get some Duck weed started in the tank and add a fasting day once a week...
  24. oldsalt777

    Soaking New Driftwood...

    Hello Sp... The wood is likely Mopani. Just soak it in a bucket of water for a few days. Change the water in the bucket every day or so. The piece will still leach some tannic acid after it goes into the tank, but the acid is harmless. It may lower the pH of the tank water a tiny bit, but...
  25. oldsalt777

    125 Litre Stocking.

    Hello Gab... A half dozen of either should be fine. Hopefully, you're removing and replacing at least half the water in this tank every week. If you are, the fish should be fine. Old
  26. oldsalt777

    Java Fern Nutrient Deficiency?

    Hello My... Any plant needs a constant source of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. They also need the trace elements, there are 14 of those. But, the plants need just a touch of these, that's why they're called "trace" elements. You can research those. Check the food you feed the fish...
  27. oldsalt777

    Goldfish Tank Dropped Ph By 1 Overnight

    Hello Ryuki... Small water changes aren't going to keep the tank water chemistry steady. There's too much of the old water left in the tank that will dilute the clean water and that's the reason you have unstable water parameters. What you need to do, is gradually work up to the point you...
  28. oldsalt777

    Will Aquarium Salt Hurt My Inca Snail And Nerites

    Hello Geena... If you keep the aquarium salt dose to a teaspoon for every five gallons of water, the snails will be fine. Old
  29. oldsalt777

    How Much Aquarium Salt Should I Add For Ich?

    Til... One more thing. Be careful with heat. It will stimulate your fishes' metabolism and they'll produce more waste. That's why you need to reduce the amount you feed. Dissolving waste is a sure way to foul up the water chemistry. Heat will also damage aquarium plants. The heat does...
  30. oldsalt777

    Is That Possible To Build 40 Gals Tank With Walstad Method?

    Sorry. Me again. No water change or Terryphyte tanks have been around for several years and set up correctly, with the right plants, will never require a water change, ever. By simply topping off the tank with water that contains no minerals, like distilled, any fish can live in near pure...
  31. oldsalt777

    Is My Experience With Ich Typical?

    Hello 12... A teaspoon is really minimal if you were to test for it with a refractometer or whatever they use these days to test water salinity. A teaspoon or even a bit more is a low enough dose that it won't bother aquarium plants. I've used a little in my tank for years with all kinds of...
  32. oldsalt777

    How Much Aquarium Salt Should I Add For Ich?

    Hello Til... Avoid putting chemicals into the tank water, other than your water treatment. Ich can be taken care of by removing and replacing one-third of the tank water every three days for two to three weeks and do a good job of vacuuming the bottom material every time you change the tank...
  33. oldsalt777

    Question Cycling Starter Tank To Seed Larger Tank?

    Hello Sha... Hey Girl. Don't waste your time with this small tank. They're really a disaster just waiting to happen. You can have your larger 30 gallon or even bigger tank right away and enjoy fish in it from the beginning. If you're really ready to "take the plunge" (Funny!), get that 30 G...
  34. oldsalt777

    Is That Possible To Build 40 Gals Tank With Walstad Method?

    Hello Vin... This is an old method and I doubt there's a link to the information. There was a book out about the system called "Never Change Your Tank Water Again" or a name similar. The author is D Crosby Johnson. I'm not certain if it's still in print. I've attached a photo of one of...
  35. oldsalt777

    Is That Possible To Build 40 Gals Tank With Walstad Method?

    Hello Vin... I tried the Walstad method many years ago and found a glaring problem with it. The dirt material lost all the nutrients in about 6 months, leaving me with essentially sterile bottom material that needed supplements every few weeks. If you're interested in a tank that requires...
  36. oldsalt777

    Is My Experience With Ich Typical?

    Hello 12... I have a recipe that will make your tank "Ich" proof. It was given to me roughly 15 years ago and has worked in all my tanks since. But, if you stray from the recipe for even a short time, you can stress your fish and a stressed fish is an unhealthy fish. The key to healthy...
  37. oldsalt777

    Sponge Filter?

    Hello Mac... I use the same type dual sponge filter in my 29 gallon as I do in my 100 gallon tank. You'll need to get a heavier duty air pump if you're going to run multiple tanks from one pump. Otherwise, there won't be enough juice from the air pump to power multiple filters. Old
  38. oldsalt777

    Help How To Cycle Tank With Fish

    Hello matt... Absolutely! Five gallons of water isn't much to dilute the ammonia from even one fish for very long. Besides there's a loss of trace minerals from the tank water continually running through a filtration device and as we know oxygen is depleted when exposed to nitrogen in the...
  39. oldsalt777

    Help How To Cycle Tank With Fish

    Hello Blue... Gradually increase your water changes to 50 percent every three to four days. No missing a water change! If you're more aggressive with your water change routine, you won't have to worry about a build up of waste material in the water, because you'll be removing it well before...
  40. oldsalt777

    Help Molly Bullying My Dwarf Gourami

    Hello fish... Mollies are very territorial and will be more aggressive if they feel crowded. If you keep the two fish together, you'll need to add more plants to the tank. Floating plants are best, because they're faster growing and provide hiding places for bullied fish. Anacharis...
  41. oldsalt777

    How Do I How Do I Add Aquarium Salt To My Freshwater Tank?

    Hello again bird... When you perform your water change, just dissolve the salt in a separate container and add the appropriate amount to the tank as it fills. I dose the salt when I do my weekly water change. Old
  42. oldsalt777

    How Do I How Do I Add Aquarium Salt To My Freshwater Tank?

    Hello bird... One teaspoon for every 5 gallons of replacement water will do the trick. Gradually work up to the point you remove and replace half or more of the tank water weekly. You can dose this amount until you see improvement in the fish. I dose this amount weekly, anyway. I've used a...
  43. oldsalt777

    Sponge Filter Vs Hang On Filter

    Hello Sam... Sponge filters are the best for attracting and holding the tiny particles that can make the water hazy. I would add a second sponge filter and install it on the opposite side of the tank. Even with the added cost of a small air pump to run the sponge, it's still cheaper than an...
  44. oldsalt777

    Help How To Stop Goldfish Destroying My Plants?

    Hello Som... This is an easy one. Invest in tougher plants. There are several that look good and are Goldfish resistant. Onion plants, Banana plants, Java fern, any of the species of Anubias, Anacharis, Hornwort, Pennywort and Water lettuce. Old
  45. oldsalt777

    Got A New Nicrew Light, Ever Since Brown Algae Has Been Growing Rapidly. Help

    Hello Man... You could reduce the light, but then the plants won't grow as well. That's because most aquarium plants are tropical and used to long hours of daylight. The real problem is nutrients. Most fish keepers feed their fish too much and what isn't eaten, dissolves in the water and...
  46. oldsalt777

    More Nitrogen Cycle Tips

    Hello john... The easiest means I've found to cycle a tank is to get a decently sized tank, at least 30 gallons. Larger is always better. More water means you're more likely to be forgiven for mistakes in tank management. Set up the tank and add some floating plants. Allow the tank to run...
  47. oldsalt777

    Peat Moss To Lower Ph

    Hello again... Aquarium plants need minerals in the water, just like fish. As long as you have sufficient lighting and maintain a steady water chemistry by removing and replacing most of the water weekly to replenish oxygen and minerals in the water, your plants and fish should grow nicely...
  48. oldsalt777

    Peat Moss To Lower Ph

    Hello Mich... As long as you're not keeping and breeding rare species of fish that require a particular water chemistry, you can use water straight from the tap and just treat it with Seachem's "Safe". If you change half the water every week, you won't really need to do much else. The fish...
  49. oldsalt777

    Help Starting A Cycle On A 55 Gallon, 1st Tank Ever Help

    Hello... Don't lose track of the reason you're cycling the tank with fish. Fish, provided they're fed a little every day or two during the cycle, will provide a steady source of ammonia, unlike other means of cycling. Also, if your water changes are too large, you'll be removing more ammonia...
  50. oldsalt777

    New Light-algae Explosion

    Hello again... Large weekly water changes are the best thing for a fish tank. So, I'd say yes to them. The more water you remove and replace weekly, the better. Vacuuming will also help remove uneaten food. The changes will remove dissolved nutrients and guarantee a stable water chemistry...




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