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  1. fa4960

    October 2019 - Forum Upgrade Issues

    I also see no icons at all, just small square boxes where the icons like "Bold", "Italic" etc should be. Re-loaded browser but no change. Using latest Chrome browser version on Win 10 pc.
  2. fa4960

    Fertilizer An 80 Ppm Nitrates

    Yes, look at individual chemicals, either as dry dose or as a solution. You can have a look at my experience with DIY fertilizer here: Diy Ferts - Micro Questions Happy to help if you have questions. PS: What's your solution to the 80 ppm Nitrate challenge, as most fish won't tolerate this...
  3. fa4960

    Acidic Water

    Before starting to play with PH and hence KH have a read here. It also give suggestions on what can be used to raise/lower PH/KH as well as GH. PH KH GH and TDS: What matters for planted aquarium?
  4. fa4960

    Fire Extinguisher Co2

    Here in Thailand we have both CO2 and dry chemical fire extinguishers, maybe you can get the CO2 version? The welding supply is also a good suggestion. Find out where some metal shop get their CO2 from...
  5. fa4960

    Question Chihiros Doctor - Established Tanks

    I have run one for app. 1 month in an established tank. It is the Doctor 3 in 1 on the "Plant" setting and it seems to slowly begin to reduce algae on my plants. Haven't tried the other settings.
  6. fa4960

    How To Calc Nitrates In Fert??

    As far as my calculation says it then supplies 0.7 ppm N. This is based on the declaration saying 2.66% N which I assume mans that 2.66% of the volume of the bottle of fertilizer is Nitrogen. Calculation as follows: 2.66% of 1 ml solution is N so it is 0.0266 ml N per 1 ml fertilizer 1 ml Easy...
  7. fa4960

    How To Calc Nitrates In Fert??

    Not easy to help you without knowing what your fertilizer is?
  8. fa4960

    Need Human-safe Fertilizers & Additives

    True, I stand corrected. The poisonous Cl2 (Chloric Acid) is not desirable and the one we try to eliminate as it is often used to treat our drinking water. The Cl- ion is however needed as a trace element as you rightly mentioned. I do not add it to my DYI fertilizer, currently assuming that my...
  9. fa4960

    Orchid Fertiliser For Planted Tanks With Fish

    These are not safe levels... Boron 0.02% = 200 ppm - Rotalabutterfly.com target is 0.025 ppm for weekly/low light dozing Copper 0.004% = 40 ppm - I am currentusing 0.05 ppm for weekly/low light dozing but could probably safely go to 0.2 ppm Etc. 40 ppm Copper will likely kill your beneficial...
  10. fa4960

    Need Human-safe Fertilizers & Additives

    When I first dived into the complex World of DIY aquarium fertilizer the first place I came to when looking for chemicals where the aquaponic shops, mainly because they would buy chemicals in bulk and then sell in more affordable and also needed quantity. Other than that the only difference I...
  11. fa4960

    Fire Extinguisher Co2

    I don't think that will work. How would you clean it inside to get the remaining chemicals removed if any? It also doesn't look like this is a standard regulator thread like CGA 320 or a DIN 477, so you would also need some kind of converter as these two standards are the ones you will be able...
  12. fa4960

    Need Human-safe Fertilizers & Additives

    I am not into Hydroponics but heavily into DIY water soluble nutrients, aka aquarium plants fertilizer so unless you are talking about organic hydroponics, which I understand to be possible but not accepted too much outside the US, I may be able to help? So before I throw myself into a long...
  13. fa4960

    Tank Quality Concerns / 125g Ideas

    No experience with Petsmart tanks or any other US sold tanks for that matter, however in terms of leaking tanks there are two key factors, assuming glass thickness and build are fine. Safety factor of 2.8 - 3.8 depending on braces, frames etc. 1. Levelling the tank. Even the best build tank and...
  14. fa4960

    Discus Gang Updates

    Yes, it has lost some weight also, despite eating. Honestly not a big fan of salt combined with freshwater fish, but on the flip side PP is hardly natural either....
  15. fa4960

    Discus Gang Updates

    Time for an update, and a read of all the stuff I haven't seen the last week or two as life has been busy. Lost the smallest runt (a red melon) after a long spell in hiding but generally still coming out to eat except towards the end. No visible signs of any problem, no clamped fins, seems like...
  16. fa4960

    120 Gallon Discus Tank

    If you plan on growing out juvenile discus you would want as much filtration as possible! Nothing compares to a sump when it comes to the amount of media even a small sump can hold. Upside is also that all your equipment is out of sight. Downside is the drilling of the tank and the plumbing...
  17. fa4960

    Can Magnesium Carbonate Be A Problem?

    I don't see why not, however I use organic potting soil as base soil so don't need to remineralise (yet) and hence I just add liquid fertiliser. Only real benefit of HCL versus K2SO4 is a higher solubility but I don't think that's too much of an issue. The link you provided also mention...
  18. fa4960

    What Size Co2 Bottle Do I Need For A 275 Litre Aquarium?

    Agree with @Nick72 , I just emptied 2 kg Co2 on my 1250 L in a about month (Basically a 5 lb Co2 tank). I need one of those massive 1.5 meter high 100 lb cylinders that welders use but would look out of place next to the tank I would probably able to fit a 20 lb under the tank so that's what I...
  19. fa4960

    Can Magnesium Carbonate Be A Problem?

    All Carbonate based chemicals will raise PH and KH so you will need to be prepared for that. I believe Magnesium Carbonate typically is for saltwater aquariums. For freshwater I think you are better off with either solely Potassium Chloride or the most commonly used Potassium source which is...
  20. fa4960

    Help Sump Not Leveled

    As long as it is not twisting it shouldn't be a problem, i.e a full length front to back or side to side unleveling should not course too much problems, especially since it is not completely filled.
  21. fa4960

    The Han’s Experience!

    You got to get yourself a sump Dude, so much easier to plan ahead. I have loads of extra bio media in there, mainly for the hospital tank when needed. If I had many tanks being taken up and down regularly I could handle it all from the sump of one (big) tank.
  22. fa4960

    Discus Gang Updates

    Fully agree and a good "warning" for anyone thinking of doing it for commercial reasons. The fact that I here locally got 42 discus of app. 3" size for around USD 350 at wholesale price told me that there is no money in breeding discus, unless maybe if you get to a setup like e.g. "Ricky Lim"...
  23. fa4960

    Custom Tank Build - 330 Gallon / 1250 L

    Okay, completely **** up. Was sitting in my sofa putting together the UV steriliser. Started with the 3 needed rubber rings that ensures the thing doesn't leak from intake, outlet and the viewing point. When I get to the final mounting the 3rd rubber ring is nowhere to be seen..... Black...
  24. fa4960

    Help Discus Beginner With Lots Of Mistakes

    I make my own mix and it holds together very well, partly due to the size of the "bits" I think so not suitable for too young fish. I used it for fish sized 3" onwards. Recipe: Pork heart White fish Prawns Peas Garlic Spirulina powder Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) I don't think pork heart makes a...
  25. fa4960

    Her Water Broke!

    Congrats man, and apologies for being so late to the party. Very handsome looking boy. Having two young boys in the house here means the hobbies sometimes take backseat. Something you may get to experience now, not to mention that your hobby from now on will seem cheap in comparison...
  26. fa4960

    Using Potassium Permanganate

    If you guys just want to mix a single dose for your tank here is the formula to do so: Just replace "Target" and "Gal" with your target for PP and your water amount (tank size minus decorations & substrate) in Gallon and voila.....(If you measure in liters just don't multiply with 3.8) Note...
  27. fa4960

    Help Discus Beginner With Lots Of Mistakes

    Hmm, just because somebody decides to keep (breed?) discus at 72 F doesn't necessarily make it a smart move for the rest of us to follow. As most of us have domestic discus in our tanks they would typically be used to mid eighties temperatures from the established breeders (but even higher here...
  28. fa4960

    Help Discus Beginner With Lots Of Mistakes

    I have grown out discus in a planted tank with a WC once a week constraint and feeding 2 - 3 times per day so it is possible BUT 1. I have massive sump filtration with 50+ times more bio media than any canister filter can hold 2. I still lost more fish than I should have, and some can no doubt...
  29. fa4960

    Custom Tank Build - 330 Gallon / 1250 L

    Interesting viewpoint as almost all other posts on the internet tends to recommend only a few hours a day / week, but even then most reports bulb to go after maximum 6 - 8 months also so you might have a point there... Just ordered a Sunsun CUV-118 locally but same as this one...
  30. fa4960

    Custom Tank Build - 330 Gallon / 1250 L

    Had a PM discussion with @86 ssinit regarding UV sterilisers as it was brought up in Coralbandit's PP thread and I didn't want to muddy that thread with UV also. I am battling quite a bit of green hair algae as well as green spot algae and although I know I need to get my nutrient balance...
  31. fa4960

    Using Potassium Permanganate

    The 2 ppm PP treatments just before WC I have done so far have done nothing in terms of killing off the green hair algae so I don't think PP will help you there unless maybe if you dip plants and ornaments in a much stronger e.g. 16 ppm solution for a while (but don't know how much plants can...
  32. fa4960

    Using Potassium Permanganate

    Would be an option but mostly our power cuts are at night during rain storms etc. so before noticing, then getting up and getting a gas generator started electricity would in many cases probably be back again. I do run air stones in the sump return chamber at night so the return water has been...
  33. fa4960

    Using Potassium Permanganate

    Good job @jmaldo I think the addition of an airstone is quite essential, or at least it will be for me next time.... I did a double PP treatment this weekend before WC. Basically I added 2 ppm first. It had turned amber after app. 1 hour and all fish looked good, albeit not too happy with my...
  34. fa4960

    Can Plant Fertilizers Hurt Fish And Shrimp?

    DIY fertilizer doesn't leach out ammonia. Where would it come from? I DIY all my fertilizers and ammonia is absolutely not a concern. Also a reason that the old myth of excess fertilizer causing algae is not true. Only ammonia and nutrient imbalance causes algae.
  35. fa4960

    Starting A 125 Discus Tank.

    Really nice looking tank @86 ssinit Nice and quiet in my tank at the moment. Noticed one fish with a little bit of fin rot but hoping the PP treatment during this weekend's WC will help cure that (skipped PP the last two weekends due to time constraints). All fish are generally eating well...
  36. fa4960

    Important Ill Oranda, Very Limited Resources

    Well, I have unfortunately lost a lot of discus the last 18 months so I am prepared to argue that statement above at any time However, no doubt that our messing about with nature's species are causing some problems. Fancy guppies often also have a very short life span and some now claims that...
  37. fa4960

    Arghhh..what Now Gbr

    Good to hear. :emoji_thumbsup:
  38. fa4960

    Important Ill Oranda, Very Limited Resources

    If it is somehow bacteria related then PP should attack these bacterias as soon as it is done with any lower level life form (if any)..... Sorry, but that's as far as I can go in terms of "promising" a result with PP in this case. As already said PP can kill your fish if administered incorrectly...
  39. fa4960

    Important Ill Oranda, Very Limited Resources

    Apparently I was linking a blocked site, so a moderator removed it. A shame as it actually is quite good. Anyway, you would typically always mix a PP solution even if you buy in dry form. However your challenge will be to calculate the right amount of solution to add? If it is sold for fish...
  40. fa4960

    Important Ill Oranda, Very Limited Resources

    Fin rot is often linked to the water conditions so make sure your do WC often enough to keep Ammonia at 0 (or at least not above 0.5) and Nitrite at 0, so requires a cycled tank as well. If the above parameters are under control you could consider at stronger antibacterial alternative to...
  41. fa4960

    Has Anybody Used Coral Nitrate Before?

    I have written down all the solubility values in the spreadsheet but there is no automatic check against them, so I usually do a sanity check on rotalabutterfly to be on the safe side before mixing something that potentially won't dissolve. My Potassium Sulfate solution is right on the limit and...
  42. fa4960

    Has Anybody Used Coral Nitrate Before?

    Much more than that but keep in mind that I fertilise app. 1500 l / 375 Gal per dose. The ones above 10 g per dose are in my case: MgSO4.7H2O - 76 g (I fill 10 small zipper bags to match my solutions with 10 doses) CaSO4.2H2O - 96.7 g (I fill 10 small zipper bags to match my solutions with 10...
  43. fa4960

    Has Anybody Used Coral Nitrate Before?

    Clear glass is fine but you might want to store them away from light to prevent mould, especially in the micros. Alternatively you can also add a preservative, which is what I do in form of Potassium Sorbate (C6H7KO2) at 0.5 ppm and it seems to work fine, but still keep my brown bottles away...
  44. fa4960

    When To Start Using Root Tabs?

    Should be good for 2 - 3 years. Excess nutrients do not cause algae, only ammonia and nutrient imbalance do. Here is a worthwhile read: Algae Management and Algae Myths in the Planted Aquarium
  45. fa4960

    Has Anybody Used Coral Nitrate Before?

    I do all my fert myself and found the upfront one time investment not too bad if you have a large tank or many tanks. I bought: Weight Scale 0.01 - 500g, Model WH I-2000 https://www.amazon.com/WH-I2000-Digital-Platform-Accuracy-Electronic/dp/B07KM3Y4BZ for USD 15 Brown Glass Bottles (3 X...
  46. fa4960

    Thinking About Switching From Saltwater

    I have both sponges and ceramic materials in my sump, following the mechanical pre-filter with filter floss. Ceramic filter media is somewhat overpriced and is in many cases just pumice stone in various sizes. Hence you could just try to source some pumice stone in sizes that fits your sump -...
  47. fa4960

    Has Anybody Used Coral Nitrate Before?

    Although plants do need Sodium I think Sodium Nitrate (NaNO3) might be more beneficial for saltwater tanks but I am not sure. It does also not show in the rotalabutterfly calculator which I take as a sign it is not really useful for freshwater. CaNO3 could be useful in low GH water but I add...
  48. fa4960

    15 Gallon Tank Algae Help

    If you want to convert a higher concentration of H2O2 to e.g. 3% this is how you do it: Let´s say you have 100 ml of 50% H2O2 then 50ml (hydrogen peroxide)/(100ml + added water) = percentage of hydrogen peroxide Water to add (ml) = (50/Required percentage) - 100 So for 30% you add... 66.6ml...
  49. fa4960

    Has Anybody Used Coral Nitrate Before?

    Haven't tried it but seems an expensive solution compared to just buying some Potassium Nitrate (KNO3) and either dry dosing or making your own solution? The fact that it contains 3 different formulations of Nitrate should not make a significant difference / advance over just KNO3 in freshwater...
  50. fa4960

    Thinking About Switching From Saltwater

    I love my freshwater sump and would not be without it. Room for loads of filter media unrivalled by any canister on the market, plus hiding all my equipment. Do keep it.




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