If breeding bettas, it's important to learn everything you can before doing it, and this goes for any animal.
You want to do everything properly and precisely so that your experience is positive and the animal undergoes as little stress or complication as possible.
Now, breeding bettas are not the hardest thing there is, but it's not the easiest either.
When breeding an animal, you need to prepare it for what it will be going through, and this guide will easily explain the step by step process to getting through the conditioning stage of betta breeding.
1) Picking Your Pair
When you go to your store to choose a pair, or whether you already have a pair, it's a good idea to take into thought of the size between the two, and the age.
You don't want too old of a betta, as they won't be as capable of the process and could end up dying if things go wrong.
You also want to make sure that your pair isn't greatly different in size. The male should be larger, but not by too much. The female should be smaller, and not larger in any way than the male.
You always want to choose a female smaller, or a larger male as the embracing period will be difficult with a small male, or too large of a female.
If the male cannot properly wrap onto the female, the embrace will have failed, and the breeding may go totally wrong.
It's very important with sizes, so get that as specific as you can before doing anything with breeding.
2) Housing Your Pair
I suggest keeping both of your bettas, the male and female, separate during this time and not allowing them to see each other.
Make sure both of their holding areas are stable, with warm water, cycled filter, and steady parameters.
You are going to need both of them to be as healthy as they possibly can be before introducing them to the breeding area.
You'll want to avoid doing anything to stress them out in any way, as that'll influence their performance once they do start in the breeding tank.
I individually recommend retaining your pair for at least a couple weeks before breeding and feeding them nutritious foods for that period.
3) Feeding Your Pair
I have continued feeding my conditioning pair live, frozen, and freeze-dried foods for several weeks before I started to breed them, and that's what you will do as well.
I second frozen bloodworms, brine shrimp, mosquito larvae, blackworms, krill, or isopods. My female betta always appreciated the isopods, as did the male.
You may also try feeding them earthworms, as long as you have pesticide-free soil from where you found them.
Don't overfeed them, just twice a day should be enough, and small quantities.
I fed them in the morning, and then an hour before the lights went off, then they were comfortable for the night.
I just repeated this step over and over again with my variety until the two weeks had passed.
I moved them to the breeding tank after those weeks and they started their process.
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Thanks for reading! Any other questions can be answered if you contact me, and I will be happy to assist you!
I have included most of the important steps to conditioning a pair of bettas for breeding while keeping it limited to the process and information on actual breeding.
I only created this for new breeders to understand the conditioning method, as information was confined in some areas of the internet.
If you possess any objections or concerns, I will also be glad to hear them, and I will certainly make modifications where required.