Aquarium Fish

Yellow Tang Fish

The Yellow Tang is one of the most popular of all saltwater fish species. The yellow tang fish comes from the Hawaiian islands and is one of the better marine surgeonfishes for a beginner with a fully cycled aquarium. This tang is commonly carried at most saltwater pet shops and is relatively inexpensive. They have a strikingly yellow color with white scalpel like blades at the base of their tail fin. They can be fairly hardy in a saltwater aquarium that has completely cycled. If you plan on keeping Yellow Tangs, they spend much of their time grazing for algae so have plenty of live rock for them to graze on. They will also feed on dried algae or seaweed attached to a lettuce clip. This tang (and tangs in general) requires highly oxygenated water so make sure you have plenty of water surface agitation and/or air stones.

Use caution when netting a Yellow Tang because of the blades at the base of their tail fin. The blades can easily get hooked into the net. If this happens, gently move the net back and forth in the aquarium until the tang is released.

Like many marine species, you will have better results if you keep only one tang in your aquarium because they will become territorial otherwise. They use the blade like appendages at the base of their tales to slap at each other.

Tangs are especially susceptible to marine ich, which means that it's a good idea to house any new Tangs in a quarantine tank for a couple of weeks before introducing them into your main aquarium.

As of 2012 there is pending legislation that may make the export of Zebrasoma flavescens out of Hawaii illegal. If this legislation becomes law it will impact the number available to stores and drive the price up significantly.

If you are looking for a yellow tang for sale be prepared to spend anywhere from $30 to $75 with the price mostly depending on the size of the fish.

Pictures

Zebrasoma flavescens - Yellow Tang Yellow Tang

Yellow Tang Video

Yellow Tang Care Facts

Scientific Name : Zebrasoma flavescens

Common Names : Yellow Sailfin Tang, Lemon Surgeonfish, Yellow Surgeonfish

Care Level : Easy to Moderate, good for saltwater beginners with a fully cycled aquarium.

Life span : 40 years, possibly longer

Size : 7 - 8 inches (20 cm)

pH : 8 - 8.4

Temperature : 75°F - 80°F (24°C - 27°C)

Specific Gravity : 1.020 - 1.024

Origin / Habitat : South Pacific Ocean near Hawaii, Marshall and Wake Islands.

Yellow Tang Locations

Temperament / Behavior : It's best to keep only one tang in your aquarium because they can become territorial with other tangs. They will usually play nicely with others (except tangs) in a community tank setup. You may be able to keep multiples if you introduce them at the same time and if roughly the same size. Feed them often to help keep them less territorial.

Breeding : As of December 2015 the Yellow Tang is being bred at the Oceanic Institute in Hawaii. See the article in the January/February 2016 edition of Coral Magazine for details on how the got the Yellow Tang to breed and raise the larvae through grow out. This could be huge for the marine hobby!

Aquarium Size : 55 gallon minimum but will do much better in larger tanks - think 90 gallons plus to allow for lots of swimming room.

Yellow Tang Tank Mates : Avoid keeping them in an aquarium with other Tangs, especially con-specifics or other Zebrasomas. May do ok with other tangs if introduced at the same time in large tanks and provided with lots of swimming room and live rock so they can have their own territories.

Reef Tank Compatible? : This tang will do well in a marine reef tank setup with caution. They can help perform a small role in grazing some of the algae that may grow in a reef tank. However, they may nip at some species of LPS coral.

Yellow Tang Diseases : Saltwater Fish Disease - Diagnose, Symptoms and Treatment, a quarantine tank is a must with this species.

Yellow Tang Food : Herbivore, have plenty of live rock and/or be prepared to give them dried seaweed or dried algae using a lettuce clip. I like to give mine Romaine lettuce every once in a while but the majority of their diet in my tank is dried nori placed with a rubber band on a small piece of live rock. Remove any uneaten nori after a day so it doesn't foul the tank water. They will also accept flake, pellet foods and live foods.

Tank Region : All over

Gender : Difficult to determine, but the female may be larger than males of the same age.

Forum : Yellow Tang Forum

Author : Mike FishLore

References :

"Zebrasoma flavescens". FishBase. Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly. November 2005 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2005.
Fenner, R. M. (2001). The Conscientious Marine Aquarist, Commonsense Handbook for Successful Saltwater Hobbyists. (3rd Printing). T.F.H. Publications.
Michael, S. W. (2001). Marine Fishes, 500+ Essential to Know Aquarium Species. T.F.H. Publications.
Paletta, Michael (2001). The New Marine Aquarium, Step-by-step Setup and Stocking Guide. T.F.H. Publications.
Callan, Chatham K. (2015). Striking Gold, Coral Magazine Jan/Feb 2016 Edition.

Forum Avatar :
Yellow Tang


Yellow Tang Tips
From: Sarah
I just got my yellow tang today and I noticed that she was very shy and loved caulerpa.

From: Jake
I was having difficulty keeping this fish alive for more than a day or two. I noticed that they would become a brownish color in the stomach region. My water conditions are excellent (live rock), always acclimated them slowly and my tanks are all fully cycled. After reading this profile it got me thinking about the amount of dissolved oxygen in my tank water. I only had one power head but I decided to add another power head and also an air stone as suggested. Guess what, the latest tang has not shown the brownish color and they have stayed alive for well over 6 months now.

From: Adam
I got my yellow tang about a week ago and its doing fine. I love the way that he looks at me when I put my face near the glass. It's like he already knows who I am and that I bring him food.

From: Mark
I've had my Yellow Tang for about 3 years now and it has contracted ICH (cryptocaryon) two or three times over the years from newly introduced fish. I do not use a quarantine tank and never use ich medicine or any other medicines in my tanks, but I do keep my water in pristine condition with weekly partial water changes and heavy protein skimming. This tang has made it through these bouts of disease just fine with no medication, just good water conditions and a high quality diet of primarily dried seaweeds that I give it with a suction clip. I don't recommend that others do what I do but just wanted to show that fish can bounce back with good water and a good diet!


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